1951 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s
Years: 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1951:

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

  • September 8 – A VASP Douglas C-47B-20-DK Skytrain (registration PP-SPQ) strikes a house immediately after takeoff from Congonhas Airport in São Paulo, Brazil, and crashes, killing all 10 people on board and three people on the ground.[66]
  • September 12 – A Société de Transports Aériens Alpes Provence (STAAP) Douglas DC-3 (registration F-BEIZ) disappears over the Mediterranean Sea in adverse weather during a flight from Perpignan Airport in France to Oran Es Sénia Airport in French Algeria with the loss of all 39 people on board. Wreckage is discovered in the water 132 kilometers (82.5 miles) west of Palma, Majorca, four days later. At the time, it is the deadliest aviation accident to occur over the Mediterranean Sea and the deadliest accident involving any variant of the Douglas DC-3 worldwide.[67]
  • September 13
    • The United States Marine Corps's first transport helicopter squadron, Marine Transport Helicopter Squadron 161 (HMR-161), conducts history's first mass helicopter resupply mission in Operation Windmill I, lifting 18,484 pounds (8,384 kg) of equipment to a U.S. Marine Corps battalion on the front line in Korea and evacuating 74 casualties, all in one hour, using Sikorsky HRS-1 helicopters.[68]
    • In Operation Windmill II, Marine Transport Helicopter Squadron 161 (HMR-161) lifts 12,180 pounds (5,525 kg) of equipment to a U.S. Marine Corps unit on the front line in Korea in 18 flights over the course of one hour, using Sikorsky HRS-1 helicopters.[68]
  • September 15 – A stunt plane piloted by United States Air Force First Lieutenant Norman Jones crashes into the crowd at the Fall Festival Day air show in Flagler, Colorado, when Jones attempts a loop or slow roll (sources differ) from an altitude of 200 feet (61 meters). Jones, six other adults, and 13 children die in the second-deadliest air show accident in U.S. history.[69][70]
  • September 16 – A damaged United States Navy F2H-2 Banshee attempting to land on USS Essex (CV-9) crashes into a group of aircraft parked on the carrier's deck, killing seven sailors.
  • September 17 – A Real Transportes Aéreos Douglas C-47-DL Skytrain (registration PP-YPX) disappears during a domestic flight in Brazil from Santos Dumont Airport in Rio de Janeiro to Congonhas Airport in São Paulo with the loss of all 10 people on board. Its wreckage is discovered two days later near Ubatuba.[71]
  • September 21 – In Operation Summit, the U.S. Marine Corps makes the world's first mass combat deployment by helicopter, when Marine Transport Helicopter Squadron 161 (HMR-161) uses 12 Sikorsky HRS-1 helicopters to land 224[68] or 228[72] U.S. Marines and 17,772 pounds (8,061 kg) of equipment onto Hill 844 near Kansong, Korea.[68][72]
  • September 27
    • In Operation Blackbird, the U.S. Marine Corps makes the world's first nighttime combat troop lift by helicopter and the only large-scale night helicopter lift of the Korean War, when Marine Transport Helicopter Squadron 161 (HMR-161) uses Sikorsky HRS-1 helicopters to land 223 U.S. Marines in a landing zone in Korea in 2 hours 20 minutes.[73]
    • A U.S. Air Force Curtiss C-46D-10-CU Commando crashes into Japan's Mount Tanazawa, killing all 14 people on board.[74]
  • September 28 – The U.S. Marine Corps loses a transport helicopter operationally for the first time in history when a Sikorsky HRS-1 of Marine Transport Helicopter Squadron 161 (HMR-161) is destroyed in a crash during a night training flight in Korea. All three men on board escape without injury.[73]
  • September 30 – The Douglas Aircraft Company rolls out the X-3 Stiletto supersonic research aircraft at its plant in Santa Monica, California.[75]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

First flights[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Entered service[edit]

January[edit]

  • January 24 – British European Airways introduces the Pionair (a Douglas DC-3 modified by Scottish Aviation) into service.

February[edit]

[114]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

October[edit]

December[edit]

Retirements[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, p. 47.
  2. ^ "A History of Coast Guard Aviation: The Growth Years (1939-1956)" (PDF). uscg.mil. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  3. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 108.
  4. ^ Sturtivant, Ray, British Naval Aviation: The Fleet Air Arm, 1917-1990, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87021-026-2, p. 182.
  5. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 220.
  6. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 12. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
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  9. ^ time.com "HEROES: Take Your Time," Time, January 22, 1951.
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  11. ^ Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, p. 37.
  12. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Savoia-Marchetti SM-95B I-DALO Civitavecchia". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  13. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Short S.25 Sunderland GR.5 PP107 Mt. Yuli". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  14. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-10-DK (DC-3) TF-ISG Hafnarfjördur". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  16. ^ a b Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 268.
  17. ^ Ross, Steven T., American War Plans 1945-1950: Strategies For Defeating the Soviet Union, Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass, 1996, ISBN 0-7146-4192-8, p. 140.
  18. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-4-1009 F-BBDO Buéa". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  21. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, pp. 47-48.
  22. ^ Harlan, Chico (8 December 2013). "South Korea will expand its air defense zone, Defense Ministry says". Retrieved 15 April 2018 – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  23. ^ [Sang-hun, Choe, "South Korea Announces Expansion of Its Air Defense Zone," nytimes.com, December 8, 2013.]
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  25. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 276.
  26. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3A N19928 Sioux City, IA". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  28. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas R5D-1 (DC-4) HS-POS Hong Kong Island". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  29. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 272
  30. ^ a b Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, p. 40.
  31. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas R4D-1 (DC-3) HK-315 Hato Nuevo". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  32. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-124A Globemaster II 49-0244 Shannon, Ireland". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  33. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-5-DK (DC-3) LV-ACY Río Grande, TF". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  34. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 221.
  35. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 272-273.
  36. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 222.
  37. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-90-DL (DC-3C) N63439 Refugio Pass, CA". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  38. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47B-1-DK (DC-3) 43-48298 Charleston, WV". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  39. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3 HS-SAE Cape d'Arguilar". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  40. ^ Staindl, Andreas (9 June 2015). "Broschüre beleuchtet die Hintergründe eines Unglücks im Jahr 1951 – Massenabsturz von Militärfliegern bei Kemlitz". Märkische Allgemeine (in German). Retrieved 2017-06-28.
  41. ^ Rundschau, Lausitzer. "Gedenken an mysteriöse Flugzeugabstürze". www.lr-online.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-06-28.[permanent dead link]
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  43. ^ "Fact sheet: Northrop YRB-49A." Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved: 29 October 2010.
  44. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3A-197 N16088 Fort Wayne, IN". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  45. ^ a b Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 273.
  46. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, p. 43.
  47. ^ Polmar, Norman, "The Versatile, Durable Skyraider", Naval History, October 2011, p. 16.
  48. ^ "Air Vietnam (South Vietnam)". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  49. ^ Handleman, Philip, "Discovering Purpose in the Sky," Aviation History, July 2017, p. 13.
  50. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 89.
  51. ^ a b Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN 978-0-517-56588-9, p. 399.
  52. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, pp. 40, 44.
  53. ^ a b Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 116.
  54. ^ a b c Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 88.
  55. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Amiot AAC.1 (Junkers Ju-52) YU-ACE Rijeka". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  56. ^ Sturtivant, Ray, British Naval Aviation: The Fleet Air Arm, 1917-1990, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87021-026-2, p. 216.
  57. ^ Muir, Malcolm, Jr., Sea Power on Call: Fleet Operations June 1951-July 1953, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2005, ISBN 978-0-945274-53-7, p. 10.
  58. ^ "History of PSA". www.jetpsa.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  59. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, p. 48.
  60. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47B-13-DK (DC-3) PP-LPG Aracaju Airport, SE (AJU)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  61. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Curtiss C-46A-10-CU Commando CB-39 Cochabamba-J Wilsterman Airport (CBB)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  62. ^ Thetford, Owen, British Naval Aircraft Since 1912, Sixth Edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55750-076-2, p. 25.
  63. ^ Hallion, Richard P., "Skyrocketing Through Mach 2: How Scott Crossfield Scored Aviation's Double-Sonic Prize," Aviationn History, January 2014, p. 33.
  64. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, pp. 49-50.
  65. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, pp. 50.
  66. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47B-20-DK (DC-3) PP-SPQ São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP (CGH)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  67. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3 F-BEIZ Palma, Islas Baleares, Spain". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  68. ^ a b c d Thorson, Craig A., "Marine Chopper Salvage," Aviation History, May 2012, p. 54.
  69. ^ Miniclier, Kit (September 9, 2001). "Air-show crash a vivid memory 50 years later". Denver Post.com. The Denver Post. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  70. ^ Beitler, Stu (10 March 2009). "Flagler, CO Disaster At Air Show, Sep 1951". GenDisasters.com. GenDisasters. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  71. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47-DL (DC-3) PP-YPX Ubatuba, SP". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  72. ^ a b Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, p. 63.
  73. ^ a b c d Thorson, Craig A., "Marine Chopper Salvage," Aviation History, May 2012, p. 55.
  74. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Curtiss C-46D-10-CU Commando 44-77713 Mount Tanazawa". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  75. ^ Guttman, Jon, "Douglas X-3 Stiletto," Aviation History, November 2016, pp. 14-15.
  76. ^ Knott, Robert C., Attack From the Sky: Naval Air Operations in the Korean War, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2004, ISBN 0-945274-52-1, p. 52.
  77. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 176.
  78. ^ Muir, Malcolm, Jr., Sea Power on Call: Fleet Operations June 1951-July 1953, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2005, ISBN 978-0-945274-53-7, p. 35.
  79. ^ Muir, Malcolm, Jr., Sea Power on Call: Fleet Operations June 1951-July 1953, Washington, D.C.: Department of the Navy Naval Historical Center, 2005, ISBN 978-0-945274-53-7, p. 24.
  80. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-30-DK (DC-3) XA-GOR Cerro Blanco". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  81. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-1-DK (DC-3) ZS-AVJ Mount Ingeli". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  82. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing C-97A Stratofreighter 49-2602 North Atlantic". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  83. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3 registration unknown Zürich-Kloten Airport (ZRH)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  84. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Consolidated Canso A CF-FOQ Mt. Benson, BC". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  85. ^ Thorson, Craig A., "Marine Chopper Salvage," Aviation History, May 2012, pp. 55-57.
  86. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-20-DK (DC-3) YU-ACC Skopje". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  88. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47 (DC-3) 0961 Flores-Santa Elena Airport (FRS)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  89. ^ Thetford, Owen, British Naval Aircraft Since 1912, Sixth Edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55750-076-2, p. 105.
  90. ^ Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 224.
  91. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Fairchild C-82A-FA Packet 45-57801 Clermont-Ferrand". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  92. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2P SP-LKA Lódz Airport (LCJ)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  93. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-25-DK (DC-3) VT-AUO Calcutta-Dum Dum Airport (CCU)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  94. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-2-243 XA-DOQ San Luis Acatlán". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  97. ^ "UN Air-to-Air Victories during the Korean War, 1950-1953". acig.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  98. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-65-DL (DC-3) 42-100488 Marseille". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  99. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Curtiss C-46F-1-CU Commando N1678M Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  100. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident SNCASE SE.161 Languedoc SU-AHH Tehran". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  101. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4228 Namtsev". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  102. ^ Ross, Steven T., American War Plans 1945-1950: Strategies For Defeating the Soviet Union, Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass, 1996, ISBN 0-7146-4192-8, p. 147.
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  104. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas VC-47D (DC-3) 44-76266 Globe, AZ". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  105. ^ Ross, Steven T., American War Plans 1945-1950: Strategies For Defeating the Soviet Union, Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass, 1996, ISBN 0-7146-4192-8, p. 139.
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  111. ^ Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter M. Bowers, United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, London: Putnam, 1976, ISBN 978-0-370-10054-8, p. 233.
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  • Bridgman, Leonard. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1952–53. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, Ltd, 1952.