Jeffrey Stephen Wigand
December 17, 1942
|Alma mater||University at Buffalo|
|Occupation||Expert witness, consultant|
|Known for||Whistleblower on the tobacco industry|
|Spouse(s)||Hope Elizabeth May|
Jeffrey Stephen Wigand (//; born December 17, 1942) is an American biochemist and former vice president of research and development at Brown & Williamson in Louisville, Kentucky, who worked on the development of reduced-harm cigarettes and in 1996 blew the whistle on tobacco tampering at the company. The 1999 film The Insider portrayed him and the story.
Wigand was born in New York City and grew up in the Bronx and later Pleasant Valley, New York. After a brief time in the military (including a short assignment in Vietnam), he earned a Master's in Biochemistry and a PhD from the University at Buffalo in Biochemistry. He met his first wife, Linda, in 1970 while attending a judo class.
Prior to working for Brown & Williamson, Wigand worked for several health care companies, including Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson. In addition, he was employed as General Manager and Marketing Director at Union Carbide in Japan, and as a Senior Vice President at Technicon Instruments.
Tobacco industry whistleblowing
Wigand became nationally known as a whistleblower on February 4, 1996, when he appeared on the CBS news program 60 Minutes and stated that Brown & Williamson had intentionally manipulated its tobacco blend with chemicals such as ammonia to increase the effect of nicotine in cigarette smoke. According to Wigand, he was subsequently harassed and received anonymous death threats.
Wigand had begun to work for Brown & Williamson in January 1989 and was fired on March 24, 1993. He says that he was fired as a whistleblower because he knew that high-ranking corporate executives knowingly approved the addition of additives to their cigarettes that were known to be carcinogenic and/or addictive, such as coumarin. Brown & Williamson undertook a concerted effort to discredit Wigand, which included hiring the Investigative Group International to produce a 500-page dossier on Wigand which was distributed to the media. However, the dossier backfired, as news outlets examined the claims in it, finding many claims of misconduct to be unsubstantiated or trivial.
Post-tobacco industry career
Following this he taught physical science, biology, and Japanese at duPont Manual Magnet High School in Louisville, Kentucky, and was eventually named 1996 Teacher of the Year for the state of Kentucky.
Wigand no longer teaches high school and instead lectures worldwide to a variety of audiences including children, college, medical and law students and a diverse group of policy makers. He has consulted with governments throughout the world on tobacco control policies (the list includes Canada, the Netherlands, Scotland, Israel, Italy, Malta, Germany, France, Ireland, Iceland and Japan).
He was portrayed by Russell Crowe in the 1999 film The Insider directed by Michael Mann, which also stars Al Pacino and Christopher Plummer. Crowe earned an Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of Wigand.
- "Jeffrey Wigand : Education". jeffreywigand.com. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
- Brenner, Marie. "The Man Who Knew Too Much". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- Brenner, Marie (May 1996), "The Man Who Knew Too Much" (PDF), Vanity Fair, archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2008, retrieved July 2, 2010
- "Tobacco Firm Assails Film's Allegation". Los Angeles Times. October 30, 1999. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
- "Jeffrey Wigand : Jeffrey Wigand on 60 Minutes". www.jeffreywigand.com. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
- A Very Special Wedding. Cwmemory.com (2008-10-19). Retrieved on 2012-06-03.